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List Of Countries in the world

In our world, there are many countries. Countries are present in Continents. Continents are huge landmasses on earth basically they are continuous as well as discrete masses of land ideally separated by water. There are seven conventionally recognized continents which are ASIA, AFRICA, NORTH AMERICA, SOUTH AMERICA, EUROPE, ANTARCTICA, AUSTRALIA, ordered in descending order of their area. This Continent has a large number of countries. These Countries have the capital we are listing them all here. Let’s have a look.

ASIA

Asia is the largest continent area wise it covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometers which is about 30% of the total land area. It is the most populous continent with about 60% of the total world population. The population of Asia is 4.4 billion. It is not only a very diverse continent but also has the highest population density in the world 225 people per square mile.

Asia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Country Capital Currency President Prime Minister
Abkhazia Sukhumi Russian ruble(RUB)  Raul Khajimba  Artur Mikvabia
Afghanistan Kabul Afghani(AFN) Mohammad Ashraf Ghani
Armenia Yerevan Dram (AMD) Serzh Sargsyan Karen Karapetyan
Azerbaijan Baku Manat (AZN) Ilham Aliyev Artur Rasizade
Bahrain Manama Bahraini dinar (BHD) King-Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka(BDT) Abdul Hamid Sheikh Hasina
Bhutan Thimphu Bhutanese ngultrumb(BTN) King-Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Tshering Tobgay
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei dollar (BND) Sultan-Sir Hassanal Bolkiah Crown Prince – Al-Muhtadee Billah
Cambodia Phnom Penh Riela (KHR) King-Norodom Sihamoni Hun Sen
China Beijing Renminbi (yuan)(CNY) Xi Jinping Li Keqiang
Cyprus Nicosia Euro (EUR) Nicos Anastasiades
East Timor Dili United States dollarc(USD)  Francisco Guterres
Georgia Tbilisi Lari (GEL) Giorgi Margvelashvili Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Hong Kong Special administrative region of China Hong Kong dollar(HKD)  Chief Executive  Leung Chun-ying
India New Delhi Indian rupee (INR) Ram Nath Kovind Narendra Modi
Indonesia Jakarta Indonesian rupiah (IDR)  Joko Widodo
Iran Tehran Rial (IRR) Hassan Rouhani
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi dinar (IQD) Fuad Masum Haider al-Abadi
Israel Jerusalem Israeli new shekel (ILS) Haider al-Abadi Binyamin “Bibi” Netanyahu
Japan Tokyo Yen (JPY) Emperor-Akihito Shinzo Abe
Jordan Amman Jordanian dinar (JOD) King-Abdallah II Hani Al-Mulki
Kazakhstan Astana Tenge (KZT) Nursultan Nazarbayev Nursultan Nazarbayev
Kurdistan Erbil Dinar  Masoud Barzani  Nechirvan Barzani
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti dinar (KWD) Amir-Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah Jaber Mubarak al-Sabah
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som (KGS) Almazbek Atambaev Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Laos Vientiane Kip (LAK) Bounnhang Vorachith Thongloun Sisoulith
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese pound (LBP) Michel Aoun Saad Hariri
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit (MYR) King-Muhammad V Najib Razak
Maldives Malé Maldivian rufiyaa(MVR) Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Tögrög (MNT) Tsakhia Elbegdorj Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat
Myanmar (Burma) Naypyidaw Kyat (MMK) Htin Kyaw
Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese rupee (NPR) Bidhya Devi Bhandari Sher Bahadur Deuba
Northern Cyprus Nicosia Turkish lira (TRY) Nicos Anastasiades
North Korea Pyongyang North Korean won (KPW) Supreme leader: Kim Jong-un
Oman Muscat Rial (OMR) Sultan-Qaboos bin Said Al Said Deputy Prime Minister – Qaboos bin Said al Said
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani rupee (PKR) Mamnoon Hussain Mohammad Nawaz Sharif
Palestine East Jerusalem Egyptian pound (EGP)
Israeli new sheqel (ILS)
Jordanian dinar(JOD)
 Mahmoud Abbas  Rami Hamdallah
Philippines Manila Philippine Peso (PHP) Rodrigo Duterte
Qatar Doha Riyal (QAR) Emir – Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Abdallah Bin Nasir Bin Khalifa Al Thani
Russia Moscow Ruble Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin Dmitry Medvedev
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Saudi riyal (SAR) King-Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Singapore Singapore Singapore dollar (SGD) Tony Tan Keng Yam  Lee Hsien Loong
South Korea Seoul South Korean won
(KRW)
Moon Jae-in Lee Nak-yeon
South Ossetia Tskhinvali Russian ruble (RUB)  Leonid Tibilov
Sri Lanka Sri Lankan rupee (LKR) Maithripala Sirisena Ranil Wickremesinghe
Syria Damascus Syrian pound (SYP) Bashar Al-Asad  Imad Khamis
Taiwan Taipei New Taiwan dollar(TWD)  Tsai Ing-wen
Tajikistan Dushanbe Somoni (TJS)  Emomali Rahmon Kohir Rasulzoda
Thailand Bangkok Baht (THB) Maha Vajiralongkorn Prayut Chan-o-cha
Turkey Ankara Turkish lira(TRY) Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Binali Yıldırım
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Turkmen new manat(TMT) Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi UAE dirham (AED) Khalifa Bin Zayid Al Nuhayyan Muhammad Bin Rashid Al Maktum
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistan som(UZS) Shavkat Mirziyoyev Abdulla Oripov
Vietnam Hanoi đồng (VND) Tran Dai Quang Nguyen Xuan Phuc
Yemen Sana’a Yemeni rial (YER) Fd. Mar. Abd Rabuh Mansur Hadi Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr

AFRICA

Africa is the world’s second largest continent it covers about 30,370,000 square kilometers of an area. It covers 20.4% of the Earth’s total land area. It is the second most populous continent in the world. Africa accounts more than 16% of the world’s human population thus it is very populous. Africa is considered as a place of human origin as the oldest fossil of hominids were found in the eastern part of the Africa, which was recognized to be 7 million years old fossils in its countries.

Africa
Africa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Country Capital Currency President Prime Minister
Algeria Agiers Algerian dinar (DZD) Abdelaziz Bouteflika Abdelmalek Sellal
Angola Luanda Kwanza(AOA) Jose Eduardo Dos Santos
Benin Porto-Novo (official) West African CFA franc (XOF) Thomas Boni Yayi Lionel Zinsou
Botswana Gaborone Pula(BWP) Seretse Khama Ian Khama
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou West African CFA franc(XOF)  Roch Marc Christian Kaboré Paul Kaba
Burundi Bujumbura Burundian franc(BIF) Pierre Nkurunziza
Cameroon Yaoundé Central AfricanCFA franc(XAF) Paul Biya Philemon Yang
Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo(CVE) Ulisses Correia e Silva Jorge Carlos Fonseca
Central African Republic Bangui Central African CFA franc (XAF) Faustin-Archange Touadéra Simplice Sarandji
Chad N’Djamena Central African CFA franc(XAF)   Idriss Déby  Albert Pahimi Padacké
Comoros Moroni Comorian franc(KMF)  Azali Assoumani
Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) Brazzaville Central African CFA franc (XAF)  Denis Sassou Nguesso
Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Yamoussoukro (official),Abidjan (seat of government) West African CFA franc(XOF)  Alassane Dramane Ouattara
Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa) Kinshasa Congolese franc(CDF)   Joseph Kabila Kabange  Bruno Tshibala
Djibouti Djibouti Djiboutian franc(DJF)  Ismaïl Omar Guelleh
Egypt Cairo Egyptian pound(EGP) Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi Sherif Ismail
Equatorial Guinea Malabo Central African CFA franc (XAF)  Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
Eritrea Asmara Eritrean nakfa (ERN)  Isaias Afwerki Tigrinya
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Ethiopian birr (ETB) Mulatu Teshome Hailemariam Desalegn
Gabon Libreville Central African CFA franc (XAF)  Ali Bongo Ondimba
Gambia Banjul Gambian dalasi (GMD)  Adama Barrow
Ghana Accra Ghana cedi (GHS)  Nana Akufo-Addo
Guinea Conakry Guinean franc(GNF) Alpha Conde Mamady Youla
Guinea-Bissau Bissau West African CFA franc(XOF)  José Mário Vaz
Kenya Nairobi Kenyan shilling(KES)  Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta
Lesotho Maseru Lesotho loti(LSL)  Tom Thabane
Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollara(LRD)  Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar (LYD) Aguila Salah Issa Abdullah al-Thani
Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy ariary(MGA)  Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina Rakotoarimanana
Malawi Lilongwe Kwacha(D) (MWK)  Arthur Peter Mutharika
Mali Bamako West African CFA franc (XOF) Ibrahim Boubacar Keita Modibo Keita
Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya(MRO)  Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz  Yahya Ould Hademine
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee(MUR) Ameenah Gurib Anerood Jugnauth
Morocco Rabat Moroccan dirham(MAD) King-Mohammed VI Abdelillah Benkirane
Mozambique Maputo Mozambican metical(MZN)  Filipe Jacinto Nyusi
Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar(NAD) Hage Geingob Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila

 

Niger Niamey West African CFA franc(XOF)  Mahamadou Issoufou
Nigeria Abuja Naira (NGN)  Yemi Osinbajo, Acting President
Rwanda Kigali Rwandan franc(RWF)  Paul Kagame  Anastase Murekezi
Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé Dobra(STD) Evaristo Carvalho Patrice Trovoada
Senegal Dakar CFA franc(XOF) Macky Sall Macky Sall
Seychelles Victoria Seychellois rupee(SCR) Danny Faure
Sierra Leone Freetown Leone(SLL)  Ernest Bai Koroma
Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling(SOS)  Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed  Hassan Ali Khayre
Somaliland Hargeisa Somaliland shillinga (SLSH) Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Hassan Ali Khayre
South Africa Pretoria (administrative/executive),
Cape Town (legislative),
Bloemfontein (judicial)
South African rand(ZAR) Jacob Zuma
South Sudan Juba South Sudanese pound(SSP) Salva Kiir Mayardit
Sudan Khartoum Sudanese pound(SDG) Omar al-Bashir Bakri Hassan Saleh
Swaziland Mbabane (administrative),
Lobamba (royal and legislative)
South African randSwazi lilangeni (SZL) King-Mswati III Barnabus Sibusiso
Tanzania Dodoma (official),
Dar es Salaam (seat of government)
Tanzanian shilling(TZS) John Magufuli Kassim Majaliwa
Togo Lomé CFA franc(XOF) Faure Gnassingbe Komi Sélom Klassou
Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar(TND) Beji Caid Essebsi Youssef Chahed
Uganda Kampala Ugandan shilling(UGX) Yoweri Kaguta Museveni Ruhakana
Zambia Lusaka Zambian kwacha(ZMW) Edgar Lungu
Zimbabwe Harare various(United States Dollar, Euro, Botswana pula, Pound sterling, South African rand) Robert Gabriel Mugabe

 

NORTH AMERICA

North American all countries covers an area of 24,709,000 square kilometers. This area is not only 16.5% of the Earth’s total land area but also 4.8% of the total surface area. Area wise it ranks third and population wise it ranks fourth after Asia, Africa, Europe. In 2013 the estimated population of this continent was near about 565 million people thus it counts to 7.5% of the total world’s population.

North America
North America

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name Capital Currency President Prime Minister
Antigua and Barbuda St. John’s East Caribbean dollar (XCD) Governor General-Sir Rodney Williams Gaston Browne
Aruba Oranjestad Aruban florin(AWG) Governor-Alfonso Boekhoudt Mike Eman
Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar (BSD)
Barbados Bridgetown Barbadian dollar (BBD)
Belize Belmopan Belize dollar (BZD)
Canada Ottawa Canadian dollar (CAD)
Costa Rica San José Costa Rican colón(CRC)  Luis Guillermo Solís
Cuba Havana Peso (CUP)
Convertible peso(CUC)
Raul Castro Raul Castro
Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar (XCD) Charles Savarin Roosevelt Skerrit
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican peso (DOP) Danilo Medina Sanchez
El Salvador San Salvador United States dollara (USD) Salvador Sánchez Cerén
Greenland Nuuk Danish krone (DKK)  Aleqa Hammond  Kim Kielsen
Grenada St. George’s East Caribbean dollar (XCD) Governor General-Cecile La Grenade Keith Mitchell
Guadeloupe Basse-Terre Euro(EUR)
Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemalan quetzal(GTQ) Jimmy Morales
Haiti Port-au-Prince Haitian gourde(HTG) Jovenel Moïse Jack Guy Lafontant
Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduran lempira(HNL) Juan Orlando Hernandez Alvarado
Jamaica Kingston Jamaican Dollar(JMD) Governor General – Sir Patrick Allen Andrew Holness
Martinique Fort-de-France Euro(EUR)
Mexico Mexico City Mexican peso(MXN) Enrique Pena Nieto
Montserrat Plymouth (official) East Caribbean dollar(XCD)
Navassa Island Insular area of the United States of America United States Dollar(USD)
Nicaragua Managua Nicaraguan cordoba(NIO) Daniel Ortega Saavedra
Panama Panama City Balboa(PAB),
United States dollar (USD)
Juan Carlos Varela
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar(XCD)
Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean dollar(XCD)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean dollar(XCD)
Sint Eustatius Oranjestad United States Dollar(USD)
Sint Maarten Philipsburg Netherlands Antillean guilder(ANG)
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD) Anthony Thomas Aquinas Carmona Keith Rowley
Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town United States Dollar(USD)
United States Washington, D.C. United States Dollar(USD) Donald Trump
United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie United States Dollar(USD)

SOUTH AMERICA

South America is the sub continent of Americas. It covers an area of 17,840,000 square kilometers. It has the estimated population of 371,090,000. South America ranks fourth area wise and ranks the fifth population wise after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America. Brazil is the most populous South American country comprising more than half of the total continent’s population.

South America
South America

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name Capital Currency President Prime Minister
Argentina Buenos Aires Peso(ARS) Mauricio Macri
Bolivia Sucre (official) Boliviano (BOB) Juan Evo Morales Ayma
Brazil Brasília Real(BRL) Michel Temer
Chile Santiago Peso(CLP) Michelle Bachelet
Colombia Bogotá Peso(COP) Juan Manuel Santos
Ecuador Quito United States dollar(USD) Lenín Moreno
Guyana Georgetown Guyanese dollar(GYD) David A. Granger Moses Nagamootoo
Paraguay Asunción Guaraní(PYG) Horacio Cartes Jara
Peru Lima Nuevo sol(PEN)  Pedro Pablo Kuczynski  Fernando Zavala Lombardi
Suriname Paramaribo Surinamese dollar(SRD) Dési Bouterse
Uruguay Montevideo Uruguayan peso(UYU) Tabaré Vázquez
Venezuela Caracas Bolívar fuerte (VEF) Nicolas Maduro Moros

EUROPE

Europe comprises westernmost part of Eurasia. It is bordered by Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea. Area wise Europe ranks fifth and in terms of population, it is the third largest continent after Asia and Africa. It covers an area of 10,180,000 square kilometers which is 2% of the total Earth’s surface and 6.8% of the total land area. According to 2015 census, Europe had the total population of 740 million, Thus it counts 11% of the total world’s population.

Europe
Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name Capital Currency President Prime Minister
Åland Islands Mariehamn Euro(EUR)
Albania Tirana Lek(ALL) Bujar Nishani Edi Rama
Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro(EUR)
Austria Vienna Euro(EUR) Alexander Van der Bellen Chancellor-Christian Kern
Belarus Minsk Belarusian ruble(BYR) Aleksandr Lukashenko Andrei Kobyakov
Belgium Brussels Euro(EUR) King-Philippe Charles Michel
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Convertible mark(BAM)
Bulgaria Sofia Lev(BGN) Rumen Radev Boyko Borisov
Croatia Zagreb Kuna(HRK) Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic Andrej Plenkovic
Czech Republic Prague Czech koruna(CZK)  Milos Zeman Bohuslav Sobotka
Denmark Copenhagen Danish krone(DKK) Queen-Margrethe II Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Estonia Tallinn Euro(EUR) Kersti Kaljulaid Jüri Ratas
Faroe Islands Tórshavn Faroese króna (DKK)
Finland Helsinki Euro(EUR) Sauli Niinisto Juha Sipila
France Paris Euro (EUR)
CFP franc (XPF)
Emmanuel Macron Edouard Philippe
Germany Berlin Euro(EUR) Frank-Walter Steinmeier Chancellor-Angela Merkel
Gibraltar Gibraltar Gibraltar pound (GIP)
Greece Athens Euro(EUR) Prokopis Pavlopoulos Alexis Tsipras
Guernsey Saint Peter Port Pound sterlingc (GBP)
Hungary Budapest Forint(HUF) Janos Ader Viktor Orban
Iceland Reykjavík Icelandic króna(ISK) Guðni Th. Jóhannesson Bjarni Benediktsson
Ireland Dublin Euro (EUR) Michael Daniel Higgins Leo Varadkar
Isle of Man Douglas Manx pound (official)
Pound sterling(also used) (GBP)
Italy Rome Euro(EUR) Sergio Mattarella Paolo Gentiloni
Jersey Saint Helier Pound sterlingd (GBP)
Kosovo Pristina Euro (EUR) Hashim Thaçi Isa Mustafa
Latvia Ryga Euro(EUR) Raimonds Vējonis Maris Kucinskis
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss franc(CHF) Prince – Hans Adam II Adrian Hasler
Lithuania Vilnius Euro(EUR) Dalia Grybauskaite Saulius Skvernelis
Luxembourg Luxembourg Euro(EUR)  Monarch – Henri Xavier Bettel
Macedonia Skopje Macedonian denar(MKD) Gjorge Ivanov Zoran Zaev
Malta Valletta Euro(EUR) Marie Louise Coleiro Preca Joseph Muscat
Moldova Chişinău Moldovan leu(MDL)  Igor Dodon Pavel Filip
Monaco Monaco Euro(EUR)
Montenegro Podgorica Euro (EUR) Filip Vujanovic Dusko Markovic
Netherlands Amsterdam Euro (EUR)  King-Willem-Alexander  Mark Rutte
Norway Oslo Norwegian krone(NOK) King-Harald V Erna Solberg
Poland Warsaw Złoty(PLN) Andrzej Duda Beata Szydło
Portugal Lisbon Euro (EUR) Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa  António Costa
Romania Bucharest Romanian leu(RON) Klaus Iohannis Mihai Tudose
San Marino San Marino Euro(EUR)
Serbia Belgrade Serbian dinar(RSD) Aleksandar Vucic Ana Brnabic
Slovakia Bratislava Euro(EUR) Andrej Kiska Robert Fico
Slovenia Ljubljana Euro(EUR) Borut Pahor Miro Cerar
Spain Madrid Euro(EUR)  Monarch – Felipe VI Mariano Rajoy
Svalbard Longyearbyen Norwegian krone (NOK)
Sweden Stockholm Swedish krona(SEK) King – Carl XVI Gustaf Stefan Löfven
Switzerland Bern Swiss franc  Doris Leuthard
Transnistria Tiraspol Transnistrian rubled(PRB)  Vadim Nikolaevich Krasnoselsky
Ukraine Kiev Ukrainian hryvnia(UAH) Petro Poroshenko Volodymyr Groysman
United Kingdom London Pound sterling (GBP) Queen-Elizabeth II Theresa May
Vatican City Vatican City Euro(EUR)  Giuseppe Bertello

 

AUSTRALIA

Australia is the smallest amongst all seven continents covering an area of about 8.56 million square kilometers. Sometimes it is referred by names Sahul, Autralinea, or Meganesia in technical context to distinguish it from mainland Australia.

Australia
Australia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name Capital Currency President Prime Minister
Australia Canberra Australian dollar(AUD) Governor General-Sir Peter Cosgrove Malcolm Turnbull
Baker Island Insular area of the United States of America
Cook Islands Avarua New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Cook Islands dollar
Henry Puna
Coral Sea Islands External territory of Australia
Fiji Suva Fijian dollar (FJD) George Konrote Frank Bainimarama
Kiribati South Tarawa  Taneti Mamau
Marshall Islands Majuro Hilda Heine
Micronesia Palikir
Midway Atoll Insular area of the United States of America
Nauru Yaren (seat of government) Pushpa Kamal Dahal
New Caledonia Nouméa CFP Franc (XPF)
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Niue Alofi Self-governing parliamentary democracy in free association with New Zealand
Norfolk Island Kingston Self-governing territory of Australia
Northern Mariana Islands Saipan Insular area of the United States of America
Palau Ngerulmud  Tommy Remengesau
Palmyra Atoll Insular area of the United States of America
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Governor General – Bob Dadae Peter Paire O’neill
Pitcairn Islands Adamstown Overseas territory of the United Kingdom
Samoa Apia Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
Solomon Islands Honiara Governor General – Frank Ofagioro Kabui Manasseh Sogavare
Tokelau Nukunonu (main settlement, although each atoll has its own administrative centre) Dependent territory of New Zealand
Tonga Nukuʻalofa King-Tupou VI Akilisi Pohiva
Tuvalu Funafuti Governor General – Iakoba Italeli Enele Sopoaga
Vanuatu Port Vila Vanuatu vatu(VUV) Baldwin Lonsdale Charlot Salwai
Wake Island Insular area of the United States of America United States dollar
Wallis and Futuna Mata-Utu CFP Franc(XPF)
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